10 Most Beautiful Cities in East Germany

In the east of Germany there are beautiful cities – some still undiscovered pearls. In this article we will tell you the most beautiful cities in East Germany. You will also find useful tips for your visit in further articles.

Which cities in East Germany are worth seeing?

When talking about the most beautiful cities in East Germany, their representatives should be regarded as attractive places that can have a special historical, political and, above all, tourist significance.

Some of these cities, which can be found in East Germany such as Dresden, Weimar or Quedlinburg, had to endure some difficult decades during their affiliation with the former GDR. Above all, this concerned the preservation of the value of existing building structures and the corresponding observance of monument protection.

The Most Beautiful Cities in East Germany

Now that they have belonged to reunified Germany for more than 30 years, they present themselves again in all their beauty, which can now be admired again after the renovation work that has become necessary.

The most beautiful cities in East Germany presented below do not claim to be complete. There are well-known tourist highlights among these cities, but there are also hidden pearls to be discovered.

1. Magdeburg

One of them is Saxony-Anhalt’s state capital, Magdeburg, which looks back on more than a thousand years of history. The cathedral, which was consecrated in 1363 as the first Gothic cathedral in Germany, stands out from the historic structure.

Its paradise gate, the alabaster pulpit, numerous tombs and the cathedral museum are particularly worth seeing. Other buildings worth seeing are the baroque town hall on the Alter Markt and the Green Citadel built by Friedensreich Hundertwasser.

As a visitor to Magdeburg, we recommend a detour to the Museum of Cultural History, where you can marvel at the replica of the Magdeburg Hemispheres constructed by Otto von Guericke. A special experience awaits you in the months of December and January, when Magdeburg shines in a world of 1.2 million lights.

2. Quedlinburg

With around 1,300 historic half-timbered houses, Quedlinburg is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage City since 1994 with its 80 hectares of historic downtown, you have to experience its unique charm at least once in person.

The center of the city is the market with the market church of St. Benedict and the ivy-covered town hall, in front of which a stone Roland raises his sword. If you are accompanied by children, you should not pass by the Central German Railway and Toy Museum without paying attention.

Finally, the Collegiate Church of St. Servatii, built around 1100, and the castle await you on Quedlinburg’s Schlossplatz. A visit to the crypt and the cathedral treasury is worthwhile. The latter has valuable relics and fragments of knotted carpets from around 1200.

3. Schwerin

For me, Schwerin is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany. Surrounded by a charming lake landscape, it owes its appearance to the Mecklenburg princes who ruled in the 18th and 19th centuries and used the city as their residence.

While the Schwerin Cathedral, built in the brick Gothic style, dates back to the Middle Ages, they had the fairytale castle built on an island in Lake Schwerin in the mid-19th century. Today the most beautiful historical rooms of the castle, from which the magnificent throne room stands out, form the castle museum.

Not every visitor is aware of the fact that, in addition to Lake Schwerin, there are eleven other lakes in the city. Schwerin is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany and a paradise for anglers and water sports enthusiasts.

4. Leipzig

Saxony’s most populous city, Leipzig, is certainly one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany. Its legendary reputation is based on its former importance as a trade fair city and its timeless importance as a music city and place of activity of the Thomaskantor Johann Sebastian Bach.

When you visit Leipzig, numerous sights await you, including the 91-meter-high Monument to the Battle of the Nations, the Old Town Hall on the market square, and the New Gewandhaus, which was completed in 1981. The rococo building of the Gohliser Schlösschen and the Russian Memorial Church are not quite as attractive, but no less attractive.

The zoo, which has around 850 animal species, and the historic “Kaffeebaum” restaurant are also very popular. A stroll through the Clara Zetkin Park or a Venetian impression by gondola on the waterways of Leipzig can provide an additional highlight during your visit.

5. Eisenach

Luther, Goethe, Bach and last but not least St. Elisabeth had a close relationship with the city of Eisenach. With its historic buildings and last but not least the well-known Wartburg, the city is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany.

Luther House and Luther Monument, Bach House and the Automobile Museum are among the most visited objects in Eisenach. And if your way leads you up to the Wartburg, then you shouldn’t miss to look around the Luther Room, pay a visit to the Elisabeth-Cemenate or marvel at the valuable frescoes in the Singers’ Hall. If your time fund allows, you could see all this and much more on a guided tour.

6. Hall

Halle, which is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany, used to be considered a powerful salt and Hanseatic city. You can easily explore the attractive city center of Halle on foot, because the path from the concert hall in the south-eastern area to Moritzburg Castle in the north is only about 1.5 kilometers long.

It first leads you past the Red Tower to the market, where the market church with two pairs of towers and the market palace await you. Passing the cathedral and the Handel House you finally reach the art museum in the Moritzburg.

In the western area of ​​Halle, the Saale meanders through the city, where the interestingly designed Technical Halloren and Saline Museum invites you to visit.

7. Wismar

The Hanseatic city of Wismar is of cultural and historical value. Well over 200 listed buildings are still a reminder of the wealth of Wismar’s merchants.

Located on the Wismar Bay, the city shows itself from its most beautiful side if you have the opportunity to get to know one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany from a ship at a harbor entrance.

Between the old harbor with its fish shops and the market you should pay attention to the only remaining city gate, known as the water gate.

The magnificent Schabbelhaus with the city history museum, the baroque-equipped Nikolaikirche and the building ensemble surrounding the Wismar market worth seeing also invite you to explore.

The water art decorating the market is a special architectural gem, behind which Wismar’s oldest town house from 1380 forms an attractive backdrop with the “Old Swede”.

8. Neuuppin

Neuruppin, located on the Ruppiner See, adorns itself with the nickname “Fontanestadt\” and commemorates the poet Theodor Fontane, who was born here. The city, which covers an area of ​​more than 300 km², has a historic old town that is worth seeing and surprises its visitors with an almost completely preserved city wall.

Some sacred buildings, such as the monastery church of St. Trinitatis from the mid-13th century, Fontane’s birthplace and numerous monuments and sculptures continue to characterize the cityscape.

The steel sculpture “Parzival am See”, the temple garden with oriental buildings and the buildings along Siechenstraße, which exude a medieval atmosphere, deserve special attention.

9. Brandenburg on the Havel

Brandenburg, surrounded by the Havel, is perhaps less well-known, but one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany. Located between Plauer See, Beetzsee and Breitlingsee, one fifth of the city area is water.

Between its blue, green trees, the red of old churches, masterly testimonies to brick Gothic and defiant towers determine the cityscape. If you want to get an impressive overview of the “island city” of Brandenburg, then you should climb the Friedenswarte observation tower on the Marienberg, which is located on the edge of the old town.

10. Muehlhausen

Relatively small but very fine, Mühlhausen is one of the most beautiful cities in East Germany. The Thuringian city has a rich historical heritage, which is shaped by the life and work of Johann Sebastian Bach and Thomas Müntzer as well as by a medieval city wall and numerous sacred buildings.

A visit to the Marienkirche, which has been converted into a Müntzer memorial and museum, is particularly worthwhile, in which, among other things, numerous medieval sculptures and a historic stonemason’s workshop can be viewed.

The Popperode fountain house is a special architectural gem. Built in 1614, it is considered an important architectural and cultural monument, which encloses a sinkhole spring that was created in the Middle Ages.

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